Research

Study: Sex hormones, intestinal inflammation, and the gut microbiome: Major influencers of the sexual dimorphisms in obesity. Image Credit: SHISANUPONG1986/Shutterstock

Sexual dimorphisms in the epidemiology and pathophysiology of obesity

In a recent study published in Frontiers of Immunologyresearchers reviewed sexual dimorphisms in obesity. Study: Sex hormones, intestinal inflammation and the gut microbiome: Major influences on sexual dimorphisms in obesity. Image credit: SHISANUPONG1986/Shutterstock Background Obesity, the accumulation of excess body fat, is associated with a higher risk of health problems such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease …

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National Prion Disease Pathology Surveillance Center to receive up to $20 million in CDC grant to continue research into fatal neurodegenerative prion diseases in the brain

National Prion Disease Pathology Surveillance Center to receive up to $20 million in CDC grant to continue research into fatal neurodegenerative prion diseases in the brain

Newswise — CLEVELAND — The National Prion Disease Pathology Surveillance Center (NPDPSC) at Case Western Reserve University will receive up to $20 million in a renewed grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to better understand the hows and whys of prion diseases – degenerative brain conditions found in both humans and …

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New guidelines for breast cancer screening and diagnosis help people understand their personal risk

A non-invasive biomarker could help with earlier diagnosis of breast cancer metastases

One woman is diagnosed with breast cancer every fourteen seconds somewhere around the world -; based on data showing that approximately 2.3 million women were newly diagnosed with breast cancer worldwide in 2020. It is the most common cancer in women in Singapore and is likely to affect one in thirteen women in their lifetime. …

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New guidelines for breast cancer screening and diagnosis help people understand their personal risk

New guidelines for breast cancer screening and diagnosis help people understand their personal risk

National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) published new NCCN guidelines for patients®: Breast cancer screening and diagnosis to help people understand their personal risk of breast cancer, when they should start screening and how often, so that cancer can be detected earlier, have more treatment options and better outcomes. With this information, they are able to …

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Study: Corticosteroids in COVID-19: Optimizing Observational Research through Target Trial Emulations. Image Credit: luchschenF/Shutterstock

The effect of corticosteroids on mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19

In a recent study published on medRxiv* prepress server, researchers evaluated the impact of modern causal inference methods in estimating the effect of corticosteroids on coronavirus disease-related mortality 2019 (COVID-19). Study: Corticosteroids in COVID-19: Optimization of observational research through target trial emulations. Image credit: luchschenF / Shutterstock Observational research has provided great opportunities to understand …

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Study: Oral Nirmatrelvir and Severe Covid-19 Outcomes During the Omicron Surge. Image Credit: Cryptographer/Shutterstock

Efficacy of nirmatrelvirus therapy in preventing COVID-19 mortality and hospitalizations in high-risk patients during Omicron growth

At the end of 2021, there was a worldwide recovery of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) due to the occurrence of highly transmissible acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variant Omicron. Omicron surpassed the Delta variant by the end of December 2021. At the beginning of January, Omicron spread considerably around the world, even in places …

Efficacy of nirmatrelvirus therapy in preventing COVID-19 mortality and hospitalizations in high-risk patients during Omicron growth Read More »

Research shows how the Gulf of Mexico escaped ancient mass extinctions

Research shows how the Gulf of Mexico escaped ancient mass extinctions

Newswise – An ancient attack of global warming 56 million years ago, when acidified oceans and extinct marine life had a milder effect in the Gulf of Mexico, where life was protected by the unique basin geology – according to research by the University of Texas Institute. for Geophysics (UTIG). Published in the magazine Marine …

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The new soft implantable probe can monitor fluctuations in chemicals in the brain

The new soft implantable probe can monitor fluctuations in chemicals in the brain

The new string-like implant can monitor fluctuations in chemicals in the brain, as a fitness tracker for the brain. An imbalance in brain chemistry is the basis of many neurological diseases. These same brain chemicals also play a role in gut health. So Stanford researchers have invented the “NeuroString” – a soft implantable probe that …

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Surprising results trigger the release of norepinephrine in the brain, the MIT study found

Surprising results trigger the release of norepinephrine in the brain, the MIT study found

When your brain needs you to pay attention to something important, one way it can do this is to send a burst of norepinephrine, according to a new MIT study. This neuromodulator, produced by a structure deep in the brain called the locus coeruleus, can have extensive effects throughout the brain. In a mouse study, …

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The study reveals a link between malnutrition and sarcopenia in patients with end-stage renal disease

The study reveals a link between malnutrition and sarcopenia in patients with end-stage renal disease

End-stage renal disease (MHD) patients often suffer from malnutrition and sarcopenia, a form of musculoskeletal atrophy that increases mortality. The unraveling of the long-suspicious relationship between malnutrition and sarcopenia has confused scientists due to the lack of a diagnostic standard for nutritional health or condition. Researchers at Osaka’s Metropolitan University have taken a step to …

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BNAb combination therapy may offer a future alternative to daily ART for people living with HIV

BNAb combination therapy may offer a future alternative to daily ART for people living with HIV

Individuals with HIV who started receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the early stages of infection achieved a long period of suppression of HIV without ART after receiving two broadly neutralizing antibodies to HIV (bNAbs), according to a small study published in the journal today. Nature. The findings suggest that bNAb combination therapy could offer a …

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